This past summer, an outbreak of a treatable, but deadly, disease appeared in San Diego, and despite the best efforts of public health officials, it’s spiraling out of control.
In the early 1970s, reported cases of Hepatitis A numbered nearly 10,000 a year, but after the U.S. began pushing vaccination efforts, particularly among those most at risk—intravenous drug users, the homeless, and homosexual men—that number fell to just a handful each year. As of this writing, however, there have been nearly 550 cases and 20 deaths reported in San Diego alone since June.
The last time San Diego saw such high numbers was in the 1990s, most of which were symptomless cases involving children in families with poor hygiene. Eric McDonald, the medical director for San Diego County Public Health Services’ epidemiology program, told WIRED magazine the epidemiology has changed substantially this year:
“We have had only one pediatric case, somebody who had not gotten an immunization. All of our other cases are over 25 years old, and the average age is 44.”
Patients in Madagascar who are currently suffering from the plague have “escaped” multiple hospitals in the area over fears of needles and hospital treatment as a whole, according to a shocking report in The Sun newspaper.
Security guards with at least one hospital have been tasked with forcefully keeping black death patients in the hospital as well as following the strict safety procedures set up in an attempt to quell the outbreak.
The death toll in Madagascar due to the plague has jumped for the first time since health officials claimed the infection was in the beginning stages of control. With the new uptick in those who died, the fear that the disease will spread to the United Kingdom has been confirmed as “100 percent likely.”
The plague death toll has now shown signs that it’s picking up speed again. Official figures reveal 165 people have now lost their lives in Madagascar’s “worst outbreak in 50 years.” Recent data shows a 15 percent jump in fatalities over just three days, coupled with scientists concerned that the black death has reached a “crisis” point. Ten other African countries have also been placed on high alert, warning that an outbreak could occur at any time.
At least 2,034 people have been infected down by a more lethal form of the black death so far in the country, which lies off the coast of Africa, according to WHO statistics. Some experts fear the disease (which is so deadly because it is airborne) could mutate and become untreatable during this year’s outbreak – which is expected to blight Madagascar until April. Others worry the plague will go beyond mainland Africa and eventually reach the US, Europe, and Britain.
(CNN)Rates of new gonorrhea diagnoses among Australians rose 63% in just five years, reveals a new report on the nation’s sexual health.
Australian health experts highlighted the alarming rise — from 62 to 101 infections per 100,000 people — and the need for people to be more aware of the infection as the reasons behind the trend are not yet fully understood.
There were more than 23,800 new cases of gonorrhea diagnosed in 2016, and about 75% of them were among men, according to the Annual Surveillance Report on HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia, published Monday.
In males, rates of gonorrhea infection were highest in 20- to 29-year-olds last year, while in women they were highest in 15- to 24-year-olds. But older age groups also saw increased numbers.
If you think you’ve been seeing mumps in the news more often in the past couple of years, you’re absolutely right.
“Mumps outbreaks are on the rise,” said Dr. Janell Routh, a pediatrician who is a medical officer on the mumps team at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. More than 6,000 cases of mumps were reported in the United States last year, the highest number in 10 years. Around 2010, total annual cases were down in the hundreds.
Most of the recent cases occurred in outbreaks, including a large one in Arkansas, rather than as a sporadic here-a-case, there-a-case disease. And most of the outbreaks were among people 18 to 22 years old, most of whom had had the requisite two doses of mumps vaccine in childhood. “We are seeing it in a young and highly vaccinated population,” Dr. Routh said.
A DEADLY outbreak of a rare and highly fatal virus has broken out in eastern Uganda and five cases have already been identified, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has confirmed.
The disease, known as Marburg virus disease (MVD), is similar to Ebola and can be lethal in up to 90 per cent of cases.
Emergency screening has begun at the Kenya-Uganda border in Turkana after three members of the same family died of the disease in Uganda.
The outbreak is thought to have started in September when a man in his 30s, who worked as a game hunter and lived near a cave with a heavy presence of bats, was admitted to a local health centre with a high fever, vomiting and diarrhoea.
He did not respond to antimalarial treatment and his condition rapidly deteriorated.
He was quickly taken to another hospital in the neighbouring district, but died shortly after arriving.